Manufacturer Notes: New England Glass Bottle Company

Chap. 0079 An Act to incorporate the New England Glass Bottle Company.

Sec 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, That Deming Jarvis and Edmund Munroe, together with such other persons as may become associates with them, their successors and assigns, be, and they are hereby made a corporation by the name of The New England Glass Bottle Company, for the purpose of manufacturing black and green glass ware in the city of Boston and the town of Cambridge, and for that purpose shall have all the powers and privileges, and be subject to all the duties and requirements contained in an act passed on the third day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and nine, entitled, "an act defining the general powers and duties of Manufacturing Corporations" and the several acts in addition thereto.

Sec 2. Be it further enacted, That the said Corporation may hold and possess such real estate not exceeding in value one^hundred thousand dollars, and such personal estate not exceeding three hundred thousand dollars, as may be necessary and convenient for carrying on the business of making black and green glass ware.

Sec 3. Be it further enacted, That either of the persons named in this act, be, and he is hereby authorized to appoint the time and place of holding the first meeting of said Corporation, and notify each of the members thereof, either by personal notice or otherwise, seven days at least before the time of holding the first meeting.

[Approved by the Governor, February 15, 1826.]

Laws of The Commonwealth of Massachusetts Passed by the General Court (Boston, Dutton & Wentworth, 1827)

Third Street
No 220+ factory 1827; razed 1876? 
.....1826 land deed 270,516 so. third sec 20' psg s. canal 175x400 (o) New England Glass Bottle co. from (o) Munroe E 
.....1827 5 buildings tax 37 w3 wharf (o) New England Glass Bottle co.

New England Glass Bottle Company, Manufacturers of Cider, Porter, Wine and Claret Bottles, Carboys. Demi Johns, Bolt-Heads, Specie Bottles, and every other article usually manufacturer of Black or Green Glass, at similar establishments. Ralph Smith, Agent.


[Doc. No. 308. ]

Document 3.--No 125.--EAST CAMBRIDGE.--Schedule of manufactures,

Branch of business. |Value of |Value of |....materials.... |..procured.. When begun. Names of | state...| tools... | |
proprietors | |horses... | |

New England Glass | $25,000 | $6,500 |  1,200 chal. coal $12,000   | Virginia
Bottle Company,      |              | 3 horses | 20,000 Bushels wood         | Massachusetts
January, 1827 |                               | 350 | ashes 2,000                          |
                                    |                     |         | 150 tons clay 300                | Mass & N.Y.
                                    |                     |         | 75 do fire stone 550            | New York
                                    |                     |         | 500 casks lime 600             | Maine
                                    |                     |         | 60 tons hay & straw 420     | Massachusetts
                                    |                     |         | 4,000 crates 1,400              | Maine
                                    |                     |         |1 ton iron 100                        | Philadelphia

New-England Glass Bottle Company. This company as we learn from a Boston print, went into operation in January, 1827 and the manufacture of glass bottles, of every description has since been very successfully prosecuted. They are now manufacturing one hundred and fifty groce (sic) of bottles per week, which far exceeds the amount made in the same time by any other factory in Europe or America. A hydraulic press, for testing the strength of the bottles, has been obtained, which operates with perfect equality on every species of bottle submitted to its operation. A table is given of the comparative strength of English, Bristol, and American, Boston porter bottles, by which it is shown, that the latter are altogether superior to the former. The same results were elicited in regard to the strength of French claret and Champaign bottles, and those for the purpose, of American manufactures.


New England Glass Bottle Company, The works of this company are located in East Cambridge, near the Charles river, and between Cragie's and Cambridge bridges. They employ about 80 men and boys, and about a dozen girls, who turn out daily, about 25 groce (over 3000) bottles. The yearly sales amount to g75,000 dollars. The girls are employed in covering with willow the carboys, demijohns, &c. One of the most curious operations in the establishment is that of the formation of the pots, in which the materials for the glass are melted. It is necessary that they should be capable of sustaining an immense degree of heat. They are therefore composed of burnt and fresh clay, ground together, and then placed in bins, where three men are employed for the space of three months in treading, with their bare feet, a sufficiency for three pots. The feet give the amount of heat and friction which is necessary to knead the mortar. The pots are then fashioned of sufficient size to bold three or four barrels, and are removed from place to place, the heat of them gradually increasing, till it is raised to the heat of the furnace, when they are instantly thrust into the furnace. The heat thus gradually communicated to them they are capable of sustaining for four weeks, when, burnt out, they must be removed to give place to others. Allowing all the pots to he good, the cost of that single article is over $1200 a year. The heat is communicated by an air furnace, which consumes 150 bushels of Virginia coal daily. The furnace it kept heated all the time, as, if it were permitted to cool down, an expense of $2500 would be necessary to raise it again.

Green, Ashbel; The Christian Advocate Vol. VIII For The Year 1830 (Philadelphia, A. Finley, 1830)

Manufactories in Massachusetts

Names. Location Inc. Capital
New England Glass Bottle, Cambridge, 1826, 400,000

The Massachusetts Register And United States calendar For The Year of Our Lord 1829 (Boston, Richardson & Lord and James Loring, 1829)

Fires in Boston, during the Year 1837. 45


16. A large store belonging to the New England Glass bottle company, entirely consumed, at East Cambrige. Loss about $1200. Supposed to be the work of an incendiary.

The Boston Almanac For The Year 1838. (Boston, S. N. Dickinson, 1838)

As has already been seen, the manufacturing census of 1820 did not report any women as engaged in the manufacture of glass. In a description, moreover, of the Bethany Glass Factory, at Bethany, Pa., in 1829, it was stated that 40 men and 8 boys were employed, but women were not mentioned." But in 1830 it was said that the New England Glass Bottle Company at East Cambridge, Mass., employed some 80 men and boys and about a dozen girls. The latter were engaged in covering with willows the carboys, demijohns, etc.0 The Boston and Sandwich Glass Company employed in 1831, moreover, about 130 men, 46 boys under 16 years of age, and 5 women. The latter were engaged in painting glass and were paid $1.20 per day.6 There is, however, no evidence of the employment of any women in the Dyottville Glass Works near Philadelphia where, in 1833, 300 men and boys were employed." There the demijohns appear to have been covered with wicker by men, with boys as apprentices. In 1844, however, we again hear of women in the industry, this time in a glass factory at Pittsburg where the demijohns were covered by girls " belonging to the families of the blowers." In 1845 the wages of women glass makers are reported to have been 44.8 cents per day, in 1850, 55.7 cents per day, and in 1855, 59 cents per day.

Neill, Charles P.; Report on Condition of Woman And Child Wage-Earners In The United States Volume IX: History of Woman in Industry in The United States (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1910)

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