Bottle Attributes - Soda & Mineral Water Bottle Shapes

The shape of a bottle has a lot to say about a bottle's age and the product that it held. Regional preferences and traditions help to dictate what shapes were popular and for how long. Some forms are noticeably rare or absent from some areas of the country while popular in others.  Unlike other bottles, those for carbonated beverages evolved more frequently over the years. Many of the areas of North America did not have a population to support local manufacture of carbonated beverages and thus forms of that age are absent in those regions.

Special patents also dictated a bottle's shapes. Some patents were more popular than others. The 1879 Hutchinson patent, from Chicago, was used by over 4,000 different firms for their bottles, while the 1875 Arthur Christin patent, of the same city, was only used in a few dozen.

Bottles from different countries also vary greatly. Codd patent bottles from the United States are uncommon, but are the norm in Bermuda and other English Colonies.  Hutchinson patent bottles are directly the opposite, with over 14,000 example from North America and few others in the rest of the world.  There is only one figural bottle in the form of Moses.

Early Pontil Shape Early pontil shape, circ: 1838-1845
Typical size: 6 1/2 x 2 7/16"
Also in pint size but not sided
Used to bottle artificial soda and mineral waters.
Glass only. Occurs on 40 bottles.
Late Pontil Shape Late pontil shape, circ: 1844-1846
Typical size: 6 7/8 x 2 1/2"
Not known in quart size or sided
Used to bottle artificial soda and mineral waters.
Glass & Pottery. Occurs on 19 bottles.
Soda Shape Soda shape, circ: 1845-1865
Typical size: 7 1/4 x 2 9/16"
Not known in quart size but come sided
Used to bottle artificial soda and mineral waters.
Glass only. Occurs on over 1,000 bottles.
Pony Shape Pony shape, circ: 1852-1905
Typical size: 7 x 2 1/2"
Not known in quart size but come sided
Used mostly to bottle artificial soda and mineral waters and in some applications beers of various sorts.
Glass only. Occurs on over 3,000 bottles.
Drug Store Shape Drug store shape, circ: 1855-1865
Typical size: 7 1/2 x 2 3/4"
Not known in quart size or sided
Used mostly by pharmacists to bottle artificial soda and mineral waters. Was for a more upscale trade.
Glass only. Occurs on 42 bottles.
Ten Pin Shape Ten Pin shape, circ: 1844-1910
Typical size: 7 x 2" or 8 x 2"
Also in quart size and sided bottles
Used to bottle artificial soda and mineral waters. The degree curving on the sides varies greatly.
Glass & Pottery. Occurs on 102 bottles.
Teepe Shape Teepee shape, circ: 1847-1905
Typical size: 7 1/2 x 2 3/4"
Known sided but not in quart size
Used mostly to bottle artificial soda and mineral waters. Was also used to bottle beer.
Glass only. Occurs on 2 bottles.
Gravitating Shape Gravitating shape, circ: 1865-1885
Typical size: 7 1/4 x 2 3/8"
Not known in quart size or sided
Used to bottle artificial soda and mineral waters using the Mathew's patent of 1864. Shape was also used for Hutchinson's patent of 1879.
Glass only.  Occurs on 276 bottles.
Arthur Christian Shape Arthur Christin shape, circ 1875-1880
Typical size: 7 1/2 x 2 3/8"
Not known in quart size or sided
Used to bottle artificial soda and mineral waters.
Glass only.  Occurs on 21 bottles.
Hutchinson Shape Hutchinson shape, circ: 1880-1915
Typical size: 6 1/2 to 7 1/2 x 2 3/8"
Also in pint and quart sizes and sided
Used to bottle artificial soda and mineral waters using the Hutchinson or similar patents.
Glass only. Occurs on over 12,000 bottles.
Ginger Ale Shape Ginger Ale shape, circ: 1870-1895
Typical size: 7 1/2 x 2 5/8 or 8 1/2 x 2 3/8"
Not known in quart size or sided
Used to bottle ginger ale.
Glass only. Occurs on 268 bottles.
Cylinder Shape Cylinder shape, circ: 1855-1920
Typical size: 7 1/2 x 2 5/8 or 8 1/2 x 2 3/8"
Sizes range from 7 to 24 inches. Not known sided.  Use continues to modern day.
Used to bottle mineral or natural spring waters and bottlers supplies.
Glass only. Occurs on 126 bottles.
Torpedo Shape Torpedo shape, circ: 1800-1900
Typical size: 8 3/4 x 2 5/8"
Not known in quart sizes or sided
Used to bottle artificial soda and mineral waters.
Glass only.  Occurs on 105 bottles.
Round Bottom Shape Round bottom shape, circ: 1875-1920
Typical size: 9 x 2 3/8"
Known in quart size and come sided
Used to bottle artificial soda and mineral water.
Glass only.  Occurs on 131 bottles.
Codd Shape Codd shape, circ: 1873-1925
Typical size: 8 1/4 x 2 1/2"
Not known in quart sizes or sided
Used to bottle artificial soda and mineral waters under Codd's patent. More common in other countries than in North America.
Glass only. Occurs on 177 bottles.
Hybrid Codd Shape Hybrid Codd shape, circ: 1873-1895
Typical size: 9 3/4 x 2 1/2"
Not known in quart sizes or sided
Used to bottle artificial soda and mineral waters under Codd's patent. More common in other countries than in North America.
Glass only. Occurs on 9 bottles.
Saratoga Quart Shape Saratoga quart shape, circ: 1823-1885
Typical size: 9 1/2 x 3 3/4"
Not known in pint sizes or sided
Used to bottle natural mineral waters.
Glass only.  Occurs on 166 bottles.
Saratoga High Shoulder Quart Shape Saratoga high shoulder quart shape, circ: 1835-1875
Typical size: 9 1/2 x 3 3/4"
Not known in pint sizes or sided
Used to bottle natural mineral waters.
Glass only.  Occurs on 18 bottles.
Saratoga Pint Shape Saratoga pint shape, circ: 1823-1885
Typical size: 7 3/4 x 3"
Not known in quart sizes or sided
Used to bottle natural mineral waters.
Glass only.  Occurs on 170 bottles.
Saratoga Half Pint Shape Saratoga half pint shape, circ: 1836-1880
Typical size: 7 x 2 3/4"
Not known in quart sizes or sided
Used to bottle natural mineral waters.
Glass only.  Occurs on 22 bottles.
Saratoga Magnum Shape Saratoga magnum shape, circ: 1835-1845
Typical size: 11 x 3 3/4"
Not known in pint sizes or sided
Used to bottle natural mineral waters.
Glass only.  Occurs on 2 bottles.
Saratoga Salt Jar Shape Saratoga salt jar shape, circ: 1855-1875
Typical size: 8 x 3 3/4"
Also in pint sizes but not sided
Used to bottle salts from natural mineral waters.
Glass only.  Occurs on 14 bottles.
Case Shape Case shape, circ: 1855-1910
Typical size: 11 x 3 1/2 x 3 1/2"
Not known in pint sizes
Used to bottle natural mineral waters.
Glass only.  Occurs on 8 bottles.
Fifth Shape Fifth shape, circ: 1860-1870
Typical size: 11 x 3"
Not known in pint sizes or sided
Rarely Used to bottle natural mineral waters.
Glass only.  Occurs on 2 bottle.
Siphon Shape Siphon shape, circ: 1855-1920
Typical size: 11 x 4"
Known in pint sizes and sided
Used to bottle artificial mineral waters.  Come with and without footed base.
Glass only.  Occurs on 33 bottles.
Oval Medicine Shape Medicine shape, circ: 1855-1920
Typical size: 8 x 3 1/4 x 2 1/2"
Not known in pint sizes or sided
Used to bottle artificial mineral waters.
Glass only.  Occurs on 6 bottles.
Pottery Seltzer Shape Seltzer shape, circ: 1750-1920
Typical size: 11 1/4 x 3 1/2"
Known in pint sizes but not sided
Used to bottle natural mineral waters, beer and gin.  Usually of Germanic in origin and reused in America.
Pottery only.  Occurs on 3 bottles.
Jug Shape Jug shape, circ: 1800-1920
Typical size: 12 x 8"
Known in pint and larger sizes but not sided may be ovoid or very angular in shape
Used to bottle natural mineral waters and bottlers supplies such as syrups. 
Pottery only.  Occurs on 41 bottles.
Oyster Cocktail Shape Oyster cocktail shape, circ: 1905-1920
Typical size: 4 3/4 x 1 1/2"
Not known in pint sizes or sided
Used to bottle an oyster cocktail.
Glass only.  Occurs on 12 bottles.
Root Beer Extract Shape Root beer extract shape, circ: 1880-1920
Typical size: 4 3/4 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/2"
Not known in pint sizes
Used to bottle concentrated extracts for use in preparing carbonated beverages at home.
Glass only.  Occurs on 42 bottles.
Medicine Shape Medicine shape, circ: 1880-1905
Typical size: 5 1/4 x 2 x 1"
Not known in pint sizes
Rarely used to bottle concentrated extracts for use in preparing carbonated beverages at home.
Glass only.  Occurs on 5 bottles.
Syrup Shape Syrup dispenser shape, circ: 1880-1940
Typical size: 11 x 3 
Not known in pint sizes
Used to bottle concentrated syrups that were diluted with carbonated water at soda fountains for serving carbonated beverages.
Glass only.  Occurs on 11 bottles.
Citrate Shape Citrate shape, circ: 1900-1920
Typical size: 7 x 2 3/4"
Not known in quart sizes or sided.
Rarely used to bottle specialty waters.
Glass only.  Occurs on 1 bottle.
   

Click on the bottle drawing to see a picture.